At this point in my programming experience, I realize how spoiled I am to have exception handling available in most languages being used today (C++, .Net, Java, etc), at least in comparison to C. I am getting ready to take an advanced C course and has me really thinking those terms in comparison to my current paradigm.
In C, it's up to the programmer to prevent errors from ever occuring in the first place, which is quite daunting for anybody who is used to exception handling. It has occured to me that any language that I have come across that has exception handling happens to be object oriented. The first object oriented language to have exception handling, at least to my knowledge, is C++ which is sort of an evolution of C. (please correct me if I am wrong)
With that said, is there something about the object oriented nature of a language that allows exception handling, or was exception handling added as a feature as object oriented languages really started becoming a commonplace? What is that C lacks that to say, C++, in machine code that makes excpetion work?
I found this post about how exception handling works under the hood, but not sure how that information applies to my question (ie, does C lack notifications, continuations, etc?). Thanks in advance.
C lacks nothing in machine code, and exception handling was and is commonplace in C with
The reason for the complete lack of a language-level feature in purely procedural languages is that exception handling is identical to
setjmp when no destructors need to be called. Exception handling has been around before in exotic languages, but never caught on because it was purely syntactic sugar. However, once destructors entered the scene and stack unwinding became necessary, language-level support became necessary and exception handling was widely implemented as part of the language.